How Can I Create A Custom Avoidance?

GPSgeek's picture

It is often very useful to set up avoidances on your GPS. The most common avoidance is “Unpaved Roads”, but you have additional choices that you may or may not have set, such as Ferries, Toll Roads, Car pool Lanes, etc.

In most cases, avoidances like Car Pool Lanes, Ferries, U-Turns and Unpaved Roads will not usually cause serious routing problems.

Avoiding Toll Roads is the most likely to cause you some grief, because Toll Bridges will also be avoided. You should consider that many Canada/US Cross Border Bridges, such as the Bluewater Bridge, and the Ambassador Bridge and many others do charge a nominal fee typically $3-$5. In other cases, taking a short stretch of toll road, might prove to be a relatively low cost and/or a major time saver. Do you want to spend $10-50 in gas to save a small toll charge?

This is where you will want to set up a Custom Avoidance or a number of custom avoidances, which is a feature that is offered on a number of Garmin GPS models. Once created, these custom avoidances can be enabled or disabled, if necessary.

The tricky part of setting up a custom avoidance is that you cannot just move the Avoidance Map to go to a specific city, intersection, address etc. You have to scroll through the Custom Avoidance Map, to set the start and end point. You should have a good idea about the geography of where the avoidance is, especially, if it’s far from where you currently are.

Hopefully my suggestions will help.

Note: Reference to "Step 1 of 3" etc is what shows up on the Garmin screen itself.

Avoid Road:

A. Go to: Settings-Navigation-Custom Avoidances-Add Avoidance-Add Avoid Road
B. A map will appear centered on your current location and the zoom level, will likely be about 200-300 meters (600-900 feet).
C. Your avoidance will likely be well out of the map’s current view. Zoom out, by touching the Minus Sign several times. If your avoidance is several hundred or more miles away, you may have to zoom out substantially.
D. "Step 1 of 3: Touch Avoid Start Point": This is where it will be handy to know the geography of the avoidance or have a paper or electronic map opened to the area. Touching a section of the screen will cause the map to re-center to where you touched. For example if your avoidance is SW of where you are, touch a spot SW of your start point and the map will re-center to the point you just touched.

“Next” will appear in the lower right hand corner. Do not touch “Next” until you have finalized your avoidance stop. Continue scrolling towards your final point. You might have to do this several times, until you get close to your avoidance.
E. At this point, start zooming in, by pressing the Plus Sign. This will give you more detail and that will help you move in on your point. Keep zooming in after every one or two jumps, until you get the best possible resolution, to pick the exact point on the road. (Get the Green Dot as close as possible, but its not necessary to be directly on top. It will choose the closest road within the Blue Circle). When you finally pick the Start Point, press “Next”.
F. "Step 2 of 3: Touch Avoid End Point": Repeat steps C-E to get to the end point of the avoidance. Its unlikely that you will need to zoom out nearly as far as you did in at the beginning. I would suggest that you zoom out only far enough to allow you make reasonable jumps, but still maintain enough map resolution to see the highway/road number or name. You’ll figure this part out fairly quickly. When you finally pick the End Point, press “Next”.
G. "Step 3 of 3: Confirm Avoid Road": The Avoid Road will show on the map in Pink. Zoom in if necessary to be sure. If it’s correct, then press “Done”. If not, press the Return Arrow in the lower left corner and move the point.
H. The program will create a name for the avoidance. To give it your own name, touch the new avoidance. Then touch the 3 Bars at the top left corner, and touch “Rename”. Then give it a descriptive name. If you want to Disable the avoidance, then do the same and touch “Disable”.

Avoid Area: This is used if you have a geographic area that you want to avoid, such as a section of a city, a desert, or mountainous area, etc. Be aware that the chosen area will be square or rectangular, which is far from perfect.

A. Go to: Settings-Navigation-Custom Avoidances-Add Avoidance-Add Avoid Area
B. Follow Steps B-H above, except the "Step 1 of 3" will choose the first corner of the avoid area. Step 2 of 3 will choose the opposite diagonal corner of the area. The area will show up in Gray on the map. If it’s not right, go back and choose a new start or end corner.

Change History

  • GPSgeek - Oct 28, 2014
    Changed instruction designations to Letters, instead of Numbers, to avoid confusion with the actual Garmin references.

  • GPSgeek - Oct 28, 2014
    Changed the individual instruction references to Letters, instead of Numbers.