Rest Areas Combined-USA
Raw file: RestAreasCombined_USA.csv (273.9 KB)
Includes 2970 locations in the following areas:
- United States: AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY
- some may be in: AB, MB, MEX, NB, ON, QC, YT (near a border)
Regularly updated POI csv file for the combined rest areas in the lower 48 states. It now includes AK. This file includes rest areas with restrooms as well as rest areas without restrooms, some truck rest areas with restrooms, rest areas with scenic views, historical rest areas, turnouts, rest areas that are under construction, etc.
(A file with ONLY Rest Areas with Restrooms is linked below.)
The data in Column C and in Column D, has been configured in a manner that allows sorting on the following:
- Column C can be sorted by State, Highway and Direction of travel.
- Column D can be sorted by which facility is wanted. RR, PT, VM, Pets, HF, Misc (includes RV Dump,Phones,Scenic views,etc) I believe most users would sort on RR, however,this will not be necessary since there is now a file listing only those locations that have restroooms.
This tutorial outlines some of the nomenclatures used in the combined list of rest areas in the lower 48 states.
The coordinates shown, in the great majority, are the coordinates for the entrance to the "location" off ramp.
#1 "Locations" are Rest Areas, Welcome Centers, Service Plazas or Turnouts. Every attempt was made to get the off ramp entrances for both directions of travel on a highway.
#2 The message shown on the GPSr will typically be "CA,I-5,SB,WILLOWS REST AREA, MM608" with the expanded information (COLUMN D) typically "RR, PT, VM, Pets, HF" where : RR=Rest Rooms,RR(PP)Portapotties, RR(VT)Vault Toilet, PT=Picnic Tables, VM=Vending Machines, Pets=Pet Walking Area, HF=Handicapped Facilities, RV Dump=self explanatory, Food=a restaurant of some sort, Gas= available, MM=Mile Marker (NT)=No Trucks
#3 If the location has RR it has,in most cases, phones available
#4 If the location is located in the center or median strip of the highway this will be shown as "FL,FL TP,NB,SNAPPER CREEK SERVICE PLAZA LEFT EXIT, MM19" to allow time to get in proper lane.
#5 In many cases, the location will not be directly off the highway. This will be show as "AZ,I-40,WB,PAINTED CLIFFS WELCOME CENTER FOLLOW SIGNS, MM358" If any of these locations are significantly off the highway or in an area with cross highway/streets, additional coordinates are provided and these are placed at the target
destination. These are noted with the word "ADDRESS" in column C.
One recommendation: When you set the proximity alert for this file - do yourself a favor - set the alert for 1-2 miles to give yourself ample time to get into the correct lane with ease & safety.
Credit for the original file goes to Retired Technician (RT) and also for his POI Verifier software which caught (and still catches) input errors. Thanks RT! A special thanks also goes to MrKenFL for all the time and effort he put in to maintaining this file for 8 years. Thanks MrKenFL!
- Outhouse 48 BMP Icon
- Outhouse BMP Icon
- Rest Areas 1 BMP Icon
- Rest Areas 2 BMP Icon
- Rest Areas 3 BMP Icon
- Rest Areas 4 BMP Icon
barrettjl - Aug 13, 2020
Submitted 2 TX closed rest areas-See Rest Areas-USA Discussion for changes
mahoney - Aug 3, 2020
See Rest Areas-USA Discussion for changes. Dated 8/3/2020
barrettjl - Jul 28, 2020
Submitted the correct coord for the TX,I-35 Hill County Rest Areas
liferebooted - Jul 22, 2020
Submitted the Closed rest area, OK,I-40,EB,SHAWNEE REST AREA,MM197
mahoney - Jun 19, 2020
Updated/verified the open/closed status for the interstate rest areas.
mahoney - May 16, 2020
See the discussion thread for the details.
mahoney - Apr 7, 2020
See the rest areas-usa discussion thread for the details.
mahoney - Mar 3, 2020
See the rest areas-usa discussion thread for the details.
TGblaisdell - Feb 12, 2020
Submitted the correct coord for the FL,I-75,SB,Collier County Rest Area.
mahoney - Jan 27, 2020
Added Brothers Oasis Rest area in OR, Dodge Junction Rest area in WA and Bridger Rest area in MT.
mahoney - Jan 9, 2020
SEE THE REST AREAS-USA DISCUSSION THREAD FOR THE CHANGE, DATED 1/9/2020.
mahoney - Dec 23, 2019
Updated the file. See the REST AREA-USA DISCUSSION THREAD FOR THE DETAILS.
mahoney - Dec 13, 2019
Added Timmerman Rest area on US-75 in Idaho.
mahoney - Nov 18, 2019
Added a listing of rest areas along US-101 in Oregon.
mahoney - Oct 20, 2019
Added the Kingsport Welcome center on TN, I-26, EB/WB, MM5
rueterd - Oct 14, 2019
Submitted the Elmaker State Park Rest Area on US-20 in Oregon.
lacanadio - Sep 26, 2019
Submitted a number of punctuation corrections.
davecantor - Sep 26, 2019
RI,I-295,NB. This rest area is open. However, the Tourist Info Center is closed. RR(PP) are available.
davecantor - Sep 24, 2019
CT,I-95,NB Tourist info rest area MM65.5 has reopened.
mahoney - Sep 20, 2019
The Morgan county and the Columbia county rest areas will not reopen until at least 10/4/2019
mahoney - Aug 16, 2019
Updated the open/closed status of the CA Interstate Rest Areas
mahoney - Aug 10, 2019
Added the definition of RR(PP) Portapotties and RR(VT) Vault Toilet in the description/
Aagaard01 - Aug 5, 2019
Noted that the Canoa Ranch Rest Areas on I-19 in Arizona have reopened.
davecantor - Aug 4, 2019
Submitted 2 changes. See Rest Areas-USA Discussion thread for specifics
Plornch - Jul 30, 2019
Noted that the rest area on IL, I-39,NB,MM84 has reopened. Also, OH,I-70 WB, verified that is appears to be closed permanently.
mahoney - Jul 11, 2019
Changes made to the Illinois Interstate Rest Areas. See the Rest Areas-USA Discussion thread for the changes.
mahoney - Jun 30, 2019
Additional changes were made. See the thread for the "Rest Areas-USA discussion" dated 6/30/19 for the details.
maddog67 - Jun 30, 2019
I-71 Warren County rest areas in Ohio are open. In addition the I-70 WB MM3 is probably closed permanently.
mahoney - Jun 28, 2019
Updated the status for the interstate rest areas in GA
mahoney - May 25, 2019
Iredell county rest area on I-77, NC, MM58 is located in the median between the NB and SB lanes. I added the words "LEFT EXIT" .
mahoney - May 13, 2019
Adjusted the coord for the 2 scenic overlooks on I-26 in TN.
mahoney - Apr 29, 2019
Impala64 - Feb 27, 2019
Noted: The rest area GA,I-75,SB,Monroe County Rest Ares ,MM 179 is Open.
mahoney - Feb 24, 2019
Updated the status of Interstate rest areas.
charlesd45 - Dec 30, 2018
The I-10 Rest areas both EB and WB at MM133 in Florida are closed. (Jackson County)
mahoney - Dec 18, 2018
Updated the open/closed status of some rest areas.
mahoney - Nov 16, 2018
Added the Rangely (BLM) rest area in CO.
MikeG1 - Oct 17, 2018
Noted that the I-80 Rest Areas (Salt Flats and Grassy Mountain) located in Utah have flush toilets.
mahoney - Oct 7, 2018
Updated the GA interstate rest areas to the latest GDOT listing.
ratjumper - Sep 19, 2018
Noted that the NB and SB rest areas on I-81 MM132 in PA are Weigh Stations and not turnouts
mahoney - Sep 12, 2018
According to GDOT the rest area on I-475 NB, in GA has reopened today.
Impala64 - Aug 25, 2018
With the exception of I-475 NB rest area and I-75SB,MM179 rest area, all GA interstate rest areas are Open.
Plornch - Aug 7, 2018
Noted: The Preble County rest areas, both EB and WB on I-70 in Ohio are CLOSED.(MM3)
mahoney - Jul 24, 2018
Cook County Rest areas (NB and SB) on I-75 in GA have reopened..
mahoney - Jun 15, 2018
Corrected a few coordinates.
mahoney - May 28, 2018
Corrected the coordinates for the US19/74 Andrews rest area in NC. Also added 3 new locations in Tx without RR.
maddog67 - May 22, 2018
Noted that the Warren Rest Areas (both NB and SB) are closed for rebuilding. OH,I-71, MM34
SteveR - May 21, 2018
Submitted comments regarding the Haywood County Rest Areas in NC.
Bob.Sedona - May 14, 2018
Noted that the WB Sacaton rest area, I-10 MM182 in Arizona is closed at this time.
Bob.Sedona - May 12, 2018
The San Simon rest area, both eb and wb, are back in service. These are in AZ on I-10, MM388
mahoney - Apr 27, 2018
Updated the rest areas in ND.
CraigW - Apr 16, 2018
Submitted Blanding,UT Visitor Center.
TGblaisdell - Apr 13, 2018
Noted a new rest area on I-77 in NC. This replaces 4 other rest areas along this stretch of I-77.
mahoney - Apr 2, 2018
Indian Nation TP-Oklahoma. Added the McAlester Service Plaza and removed the Antlers and Eufala Service Plazas.
mahoney - Mar 29, 2018
Added 4 rest/picnic areas in TX, No restrooms.
Bob.Sedona - Mar 12, 2018
Submitted coord for the new off ramp leading to the Fl turnpike Snapper Creek Service Plaza, traveling northbound.
kusuriurikun - Mar 12, 2018
Noted that the Beaver Dam Service Plaza in KY has reopened.
mahoney - Mar 3, 2018
White River Rest Area in Arkansas has reopened.
mahoney - Feb 21, 2018
Updated the file.
Impala64 - Jan 29, 2018
Updated the status of rest areas along I-75/475 in GA.
mahoney - Jan 24, 2018
Updated the rest area information in northeast Wyoming and added 5 new locations.
kurzemnieks - Dec 31, 2017
Noted that the CA,I-10,WB CACTUS CITY REST AREA AND BOTH THE EB AND WB WHITEWATER REST AREAS have closed again
BCfromKY - Dec 23, 2017
Submitted the TN,I-24,EB,NICKAJACK REST AREA, MM160
mahoney - Dec 20, 2017
The GA rest areas in Laurens (I-16) and Glynn (I-95) counties have reopened.
kurzemnieks - Dec 7, 2017
Noted that the CA,I-10,WB CACTUS CITY REST AREA AND BOTH THE EB AND WB WHITEWATER REST AREAS ARE OPEN.
mahoney - Dec 5, 2017
Updated the status of the IN I-80/90 travel plazas.
mahoney - Dec 3, 2017
Added rest areas along TX-385. Picnic/rest areas, no restrooms.
mahoney - Nov 17, 2017
Added 6 picnic/rest areas in TX. These do not have restrooms.
davecantor - Nov 10, 2017
Noted that the the icon did not show on his GPS. Checking, I found that I had the coordinates listed incorrectly
Bob.Sedona - Nov 2, 2017
Submitted 2 closed rest areas. TX,I-40,EB And WB,Picnic/Parking,MM173. Neither of these have restrooms.
mahoney - Nov 1, 2017
The EB and WB Pajarito Rest areas on NM I-40 at MM 302 are both closed.
davecantor - Oct 23, 2017
Turnout located at RI,I-95,SB, Turnout is closed until Dec.2018
mahoney - Oct 23, 2017
Added additional rest areas.
mahoney - Sep 27, 2017
Updated the open/closed status for a number of rest areas.
kusuriurikun - Aug 28, 2017
Noted that the Beaver Dam Service Plaza in KY is closed for renovation.
TXRVer - Aug 24, 2017
Submitted 3 new rest areas with restrooms and 1 without in Me.
mahoney - Aug 16, 2017
Corrected the wifi status for the rest areas in Tx.
roundpub - Aug 16, 2017
Submitted changes to the file. See the Rest Area USA discussion thread.
TXRVer - Aug 7, 2017
Noted that the Pride of the Prairei rest areas in Illinois have reopened. Also submitted 2 parking/picnic rest areas in texas.
roundpub - Aug 4, 2017
Submitted 2 deletions for rest areas on I-40 in OK.
aslaksonal - Aug 4, 2017
Submitted changes for rest areas in MT,WA and WY.
mahoney - Jun 26, 2017
Updated the status of a number of locations and also added 8 new locations.
mahoney - Jun 21, 2017
Rest area on SC,I-77,SB,MM66 has reopened. Also updated rest area data for Missouri.
JanJ - Jun 21, 2017
Submitted Rest areas on SC,I-26,WB and EB,MM123
mahoney - Jun 20, 2017
KY,I-65,SB,HART COUNTY REST AREA, MM60 has reopened.
maddog67 - Jun 11, 2017
Noted that the OH,I-71,SB,Warren Rest Area has reopened.
BCfromKY - Jun 9, 2017
Noted:The rest areas on MO,I-70, EB, mm 167 & WB,mm 169 are truck parking with NO facilities.
mahoney - May 19, 2017
Updated the status of the CA interstate rest areas.
mahoney - May 7, 2017
Updated the status of the GA I-75 interstate rest areas
mahoney - Apr 3, 2017
Updated the status of the Georgia interstate rest areas.
JanJ - Mar 21, 2017
Noted a problem with the coordinates for the KY, I-64 EB Rest area at MM 29.
mahoney - Feb 28, 2017
Updated the file.
JustinCase380 - Feb 14, 2017
Aided in establishing the correct coord for an alert for the I-10 TX EB welcome center MM1 rest area.
mahoney - Jan 10, 2017
Added 6 County Picnic/Rest areas in Texas along US 84. None of these have restrooms.
maddog67 - Dec 24, 2016
Noted that the Warren Rest Area, I-71,OH,NB MM34 has reopened
mahoney - Dec 22, 2016
See the note titled RV Travelers in the Rest Areas-USA discussion thread for the rest areas added.
jollywally - Dec 19, 2016
Submitted the correct coord for the Elkhart Rest areas on I-35 in Iowa.
MikeG1 - Dec 7, 2016
Noted that the Van Wert rest areas on US-30 in Ohio were missing from the file.
jgermann - Dec 7, 2016
Submitted coordinates for the I-75 Tn NB welcome center to prevent an alert when traveling SB.
mahoney - Dec 5, 2016
Updated the Closed/Open status of the rest areas in California.
mahoney - Dec 4, 2016
Upgraded the status for the California I-10 rest areas.
mahoney - Nov 19, 2016
Added Grand Bay Welcome center in AL and the Sumter county welcome center in AL is now open.
TXRVer - Nov 19, 2016
TXRVer submitted 6 picnic/parkings areas, 3 in TX and 3 in NM. None of these have restrooms.
TXRVer - Oct 30, 2016
Submitted 4 Picnic/Parking areas in TX and 1 in NM. None of these have restrooms.
maddog67 - Oct 27, 2016
Noted that the Ohio warren rest areas MM34 on I-71 are closed. NB due to Jeremiah Bridge construction and SB for renovation
mahoney - Oct 27, 2016
Added service plaza tourist information center on Rt-3 MA.
mahoney - Oct 23, 2016
4 of the 8 travel plazas in Indiana are closed for reconstruction.
mahoney - Oct 21, 2016
Added Welcome Center on I-495 Long Island Expressway and also 4 basicallly truck rest areas.
davecantor - Oct 10, 2016
Submitted RR operating hours for some rest areas in CT
TXRVer - Oct 3, 2016
Submitted 3 closed rest areas. 1 in OK and 2 in AR.
davecantor - Sep 30, 2016
Submitted restricted hours for the CT North Stonington Rest Area Restrooms. 8am-4pm
mahoney - Sep 22, 2016
Updated the MM numbers for the rest areas in CT using Google Earth.
davecantor - Sep 22, 2016
Noted that the rest area in CT on I-95 at MM65.5 is closed. No est for reopening.
davecantor - Sep 13, 2016
Submitted a reopened rest area on RI I-95 NB at MM6.2. Also corrected MM locations on NB and SB rest areas.
mahoney - Sep 1, 2016
Added 6 new locations.
bobinot - Aug 6, 2016
Submitted a picnic/parking area,no restrooms on US-24 in Illinois.
mahoney - Jul 29, 2016
Added additional areas with restrooms.
BCfromKY - Jun 29, 2016
Corrected the coord for the Gordon County Rest Area at GA I-75 SB, MM320
TXRVer - Jun 22, 2016
Noted that the rest area on OK, I-35, NB at MM224 is closed.
BCfromKY - Jun 19, 2016
Noted that the Hart County Rest Area located in KY on I-65 SB, MM60 is closed due to a fire.
mahoney - May 24, 2016
Updated the status of the CA rest areas
mahoney - May 20, 2016
Rest area on I-77 SB in SC is closed.
mahoney - May 20, 2016
GA welcome centers at I-185 NB MM10,I-75 NB MM3, I-85 NB MM0.5 AND I-95 NB MM1 closed for renovation
JD4x4 - May 10, 2016
Noted that the RV Dump at the MD I-95 SB welcome center has been removed during renovation.
mahoney - May 4, 2016
Updated the status of the rest areas in CA and IL.
alw1950 - May 1, 2016
Noted that the Willow Creek Rest Areas on I-39 in Illinois are now open.
mahoney - Apr 6, 2016
Corrected the coordinates for the GUILDERLAND SERVICE PLAZA on the NY Thruway. Also added additional MM numbers to the file..
TGblaisdell - Apr 6, 2016
Submitted corrections for the Grantville and Naungalo rest areas in PA.
jgermann - Apr 6, 2016
Submitted some changes to the MM column in the file.
Strephon_Alkhalikoi - Mar 28, 2016
Submitted corrections to make sorting on MM easier.
mahoney - Mar 27, 2016
Moved 7 locations from No restrooms to these locations have restrooms. Also added 3 new locations.
TXRVer - Mar 27, 2016
Noted: The names on US-287 rest areas Wise and Hardeman should be reversed.
davecantor - Mar 27, 2016
submitted 2 CT state police hdq locations in CT (I-95 & I-395). These have 1 restroom available for public and they also have a
alleghany - Mar 7, 2016
Noted the hours that the Missouri welcome center is open for business. Shows in column D.
mahoney - Mar 7, 2016
Updated the file
CraigW - Mar 4, 2016
mahoney - Feb 29, 2016
Updated the open/closed status of the interstate rest areas in CA.
mahoney - Feb 21, 2016
This completes my initial update of the file. Increase of over 400 locations
mahoney - Feb 19, 2016
Update completed thru UT.
mahoney - Feb 15, 2016
Completed the file update thru SD. Net increase of 19 locations.
mahoney - Feb 11, 2016
Corrected an unusable record.
mahoney - Feb 11, 2016
Completed the update thru OH.
CraigW - Feb 11, 2016
Submitted 2 closed locations in AZ.
mahoney - Feb 8, 2016
Completed the updating thru NY. Increase of 166 locations.
t1white - Feb 8, 2016
Submitted an updated listing of the rest areas in Missouri.
mahoney - Feb 2, 2016
Updated the file thru Maine.
Panache - Feb 2, 2016
Submitted a closed rest area in Wetumpka,AL
jgermann - Jan 29, 2016
Submitted changes to prevent alerts occuring in the opposite direction thru CA.
TXRVer - Jan 29, 2016
Submited some changes in OK and TX.
davecantor - Jan 29, 2016
Submitted changes for RI.
raineyde - Jan 29, 2016
Submitted a closed location on I-75 in Charlotte County,FL
mahoney - Jan 25, 2016
Update completed thru Florida. Net increase of 35 locaitions.
mahoney - Jan 19, 2016
Completed updating AL,AR,AZ and CA. Net increase of 24 locations.
jgermann - Jan 19, 2016
Adjusted the coord for AL, AR and AZ to prevent alerts when traveling in the opposite direction.
BCfromKY - Jan 16, 2016
Submitted coord adustment for the TN EB I-24 MM133 and the GA SB I-75 MM319.
CraigW - Jan 14, 2016
Submitted a change to the coord for a location in AZ. NB I-17 MM297
mahoney - Jan 14, 2016
Corrected errors that occured during the updating.
mahoney - Jan 14, 2016
reintroduced 4th column info, added over 40 new locations
GlobeTurtle - Jan 14, 2016
changed maintainer from Vito to Mahoney
CraigW - Nov 25, 2015
adjusted coordinates for I-17 MM312 and MM297 exits
JM - Nov 2, 2015
changed character encoding from UTF-8 to ASCII
Vito - Oct 30, 2015
GlobeTurtle - Oct 30, 2015
Changed maintainer from MrKenFL to Vito
MrKenFL - Dec 9, 2014
File updated to Ver. BO on 12/9/2014. 34 Additions, deletions, corrections made in 9 states
MrKenFL - Oct 13, 2014
Updated 10/13/2014 to Ver. BN with 11 changes and increase of 4 locations in MA, NC, OH, RI
MrKenFL - Sep 6, 2014
RAC updated to Ver BM 9/6/14 with 2 additions bringing total to 2279 locations. Added 1 in each in OH & WA
MrKenFL - Aug 9, 2014
Updated to Ver BL on 8/9/2014 with an increase of 2 locations , both in Arkansas
MrKenFL - Jun 29, 2014
Updated to ver BK on 6/29/2014 Location increase to 2275
MrKenFL - Mar 15, 2014
Updated to Ver. BJ on 3/15/2014 with 21 changes in 11 states !
MrKenFL - Feb 12, 2014
2/12/2014 Updated to Ver. BI 11 changes in 4 States, Net increase of 1 location.
MrKenFL - Dec 6, 2013
Ver BH 12/6/13 11 changes in 3 states (AZ, OH, VT) Net increase of 2 locations
MrKenFL - Oct 13, 2013
10/13/13 Updated to Ver. BG - Increase of 8 locations in 11 states !
MrKenFL - Aug 12, 2013
Updated to Ver. BF - decrease of 2 locations - changes in 6 states
MrKenFL - Jul 7, 2013
7/7/13 Updated to Ver. BE with 39 changes including 18 additions !
MrKenFL - Jun 17, 2013
Updated 6/17/13 to Ver. BD Changes in 6 states (AZ, MA, NY, OK, PA, VT)
MrKenFL - May 9, 2013
6 Changes in 4 states (CA, OK, TX, WV) - decrease of 1 location !
MrKenFL - Mar 7, 2013
Updated to Ver. BB on 3/7/13. 23 changes in 4 states (MD, MO, NM, PA), decrease of 3 locations
MrKenFL - Mar 7, 2013
Updated to Ver BB on 3/7/13 - total decrease of 3 locations in 4 states( MD, MO, NM, PA)
MrKenFL - Jan 22, 2013
Updated file to Ver. BA - 27 changes in 4 states (CA, IN, NC, TX)
MrKenFL - Dec 6, 2012
Ver. AZ with 33 Changes in 5 States. (IL, IN, OR, TX, UT)
MrKenFL - Oct 5, 2012
Updated to Ver. AY on 10/5/2012 - added 11 locations
MrKenFL - Aug 30, 2012
Updated to Ver. AX - 23 changes, increase of 3 locations
MrKenFL - Jul 31, 2012
7/31/2012 Correction to SB coordinates to Rest Area SB on I73/I-74 in NC. Leaving version at AW
MrKenFL - Jul 30, 2012
Update to Ver. AW on 7/30/2012, Increase of 12 locations in 5 states (CO, NC, NM, NV, TX)
MrKenFL - Jul 2, 2012
21 changes with 6 added locations in 5 states.( CA, ME, NY, NV, UT ) Changed to Ver. AV
MrKenFL - May 19, 2012
Updated to Ver. AU on 5/19/12 - Changes in TX & CA
MrKenFL - Apr 12, 2012
6 additions in 4 states. Brings Ver. to AT on 4/12/12
MrKenFL - Mar 22, 2012
Updated to Ver. AS on 3/22/2012. Many insignificant changes to rest area in NM !
MrKenFL - Feb 24, 2012
Updated to Ver. AR on 2/24/2012 - minor corrections
MrKenFL - Jan 23, 2012
Updated to Ver AQ on 1/23/2012 - 14 changes
MrKenFL - Dec 21, 2011
Updated to ver. AP. 12/21/2011
MrKenFL - Oct 18, 2011
Ver: AN 10/8/2011 Made 27 Additions/Deletions/Corrections in 7 States. (AL, AR, FL, MO, MS, NC, TN)
MrKenFL - Sep 7, 2011
Made 24 Additions/Deletions/Corrections in 5 States. (CA, NC, NH, NV, TX)